Black & white cumin (Cuminum cyminum) is a flowering plant from the Apiaceae family, which originates from the eastern Mediterranean to eastern India.
This plant is a perennial herbaceous plant with a slender, branched stem with a height of 20-30 cm. The leaves are 5–10 cm long, are pinnate or double pinnate and have thread-like leaflets. The flowers are small, white or pink in color, and clustered in flower umbrellas. The fruit is a lateral or oval bobbin (achene) 4–5 mm long and contains one seed. Cumin seeds are similar to fennel seeds, but smaller and darker.
Jintan putih is commonly used as a spice in a number of Indonesian dishes, especially from Sumatra, Bali and Sulawesi. The aroma is strong and gives a spicy effect. In Thailand it is known as yeera (from the Hindi name gheera), in Malaysia it is called cumin, and in English literature it is called cumin. Cumin is sold in the form of dry seeds (elongated like rice) with a light brown color.
Now many food traditions that use it, ranging from Greece, Europe, South Asia, Southeast Asia and East, to America. Mexican cuisine is known for using cumin quite often. The best known use of cumin is as a curry spice mix.